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By the end of the 1800s, sailing by ships was gradually replaced by steam-powered ships, especially after the opening of the “Suez Canal”: this forced the sailing ships to circumnavigate Africa.
From the data of the Italian Naval Register (RINA) in 1865 out of a total of 1,274 vessels, only 3 were steamed, but already in 1904 out of a total of 2,512 1416 vessels were steamed. The demolition of the sailing ships, and then of the first iron vessels , also involved the construction sites of the nearby port city of La Spezia, the materials were partly destroyed, but the most valuable part (precious wood, brass, furniture, and more) were reused.
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"Carugi" are a typical Ligurian narrow roads, sorrounded by tall houses and palaces. The villages of the Cinque Terre have middle age origins, an they were used to be attached by pirates. "Carugi" are (in all the five villages) in diferent shapes, some uphill, some flat but all very beautifull to see.
In Manarola there is only a street called Il Carugio, the main one, you can find Casa Capellini there, no mistakes! No one of the locals call the street "via Ettore Cozzani" but "er carugiu à giesa" (church's carugio) because is the street that goes from the lower part to the top, where the church is.
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Sea-storm in Cinque Terre; the waves start from far away
The five countries can be visited at all times of the year: summer and winter. You can walk the trails, visit the countries, swim and sunbathe in the summer, sleep in excellent accommodations, enjoy a good food.
But for those who visit the Cinque Terre in the fall or winter, there is the possibility of an unexpected spectacular, unpredictable and impressive: the sea-storms.
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Since 1997, the Cinque Terre in HERITAGE World Heritage Site.
The motivation synthetic with which UNESCO has awarded this important recognition to the Cinque Terre is the following http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/826
The Ligurian coast between Cinque Terre is a cultural landscape of great scenic and cultural value. The layout and disposition of the small towns and the shaping of the surrounding landscape, overcoming the disadvantages of a steep, uneven terrain, encapsulate the continuous history of human settlement in this region over the past millennium.
Justification for Inscription
The Committee decided to inscribe this site on the basis of criteria (ii), (iv) and (v), considering that the eastern Ligurian Riviera between Cinque Terre and Portovenere is a cultural site of outstanding value, representing the harmonious interaction between people and nature to produce a landscape of exceptional scenic quality that illustrates a traditional way of life that has existed for a thousand years and continues to play an important socio-economic role in the life of the community.
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The church of Manarola
Leaving Casa Capellini, in Ettore Cozzani street, you are on the church square; a few meters from the parish church dedicated to San Lorenzo martyr. In the tombstone on the façade, written in Latin:
"IN THE NAME OF CHRIST, AMEN, 1338 THE DAY .. MONTH OF AUGUST THIS CHURCH WAS FOUNDED WITH THE NAME OF THE BIRTH OF THE VIRGIN MARY BY THE WORK OF THE COMMINITHY AND THE MEN FROM MANAROLA AND VOLASTRA"
The original dedication of the Church of the Nativity Virgin Mary was changed to that of San Lorenzo in the second half of the seventeenth century.
The facade is in local sandstone in brick perfectly squared stones. It has a beautiful 1375 rose window with a floral frame in White Carrara marble. The voids between the small radial columns were inserted the strar sign, nown partial declined, sculp of Marmorari Campilinesi that made many works in the area.